Judge Underwood is attempting to try Jefferson Davis for treason. The Reconstruction Committee and Thaddeus Stevens agree that the amendment needs to be favored by at least nineteen state for ratification.
Thaddeus Stevens and Radical Republicans give their best efforts to prevent the third section of the amendment from being stricken out. They tell the Democrats, "Give us the third section or give us nothing!"
It appears as if the third section of the constitutional amendment will have to be omitted for its passage. Radicals are starting to feel increasingly uneasy about their loss of control of Reconstruction.
There is no evidence that Reconstruction is making progress; opposing parties are still finding it difficult to compromise. Even some Radicals are realizing that the third amendment must be omitted if Reconstruction is to flourish.
Radical Stevens proposes to acknowledge the South for governmental purposes, deciding that they should be permitted to create their new governments and constitutions which will be approved or rejected by Congress.
Johnson contends that the Southern states are not out of the Union because they could not legally get out, but Radicals assume that the states are not included in the Union and must comply with certain conditions before they are readmitted.
The New Haven Board of Education votes for keeping black children out of their city public school system. White Southerners question why Stevens is not enforcing the Civil Rights act, calling it a "dead cause".
White Southerners agree with Judge Nelson's decision thatrestrictions made by Radicals attempted to be applied to Southern states are infractions of the Constitution. Governors and legislation of every state should be given full employment of all…